Roosevelt in the Rainforest

Book review: The River of Doubt, by Candice Millard (Amazon / Book Depository)

Candice Millard, former National Geographic writer, describes the journey Theodore Roosevelt undertook traveling the then unmapped Amazonian River of Doubt, an adventurous exploration that nearly ended up costing him his life.

A few others did lose their lives under varying circumstances during the arduous and ill-planned journey. But history was made, as the River of Doubt was tracked for the first time.

This is a book to recommend those who think history books are inevitably textbooky, or who don’t read much nonfiction in the first place. It’s impossible not to be intrigued by both the storytelling style and historical premise here. It’s certainly a side of the former President I knew nothing and loved learning about.

And that doesn’t only apply to what he accomplished on this expedition, but about him personally. Millard has that literary nonfiction gift, of sowing facts smoothly into readable narrative and sketching out a biography of a man who’s been written about plenty, but about whom there always seems to be another facet to reveal, whether informative or just amusing. Some favorites: Roosevelt “had a voice that sounded as if he had just taken a sip of helium, but his outsized personality made him unforgettable and utterly irresistible.” Naturalist John Burroughs said that “When he came into the room it was as if a strong wind had blown the door open.”

He’s also someone Donald Trump could take a lesson from in increasing his minuscule vocabulary and improving his petty nickname game. About his political rival William Howard Taft, Roosevelt “dismiss[ed] him as ‘a flubdub with a streak of the second-rate and the common in him.’”

The catalyst for this journey was the opportunity it provided both for Roosevelt to lick his wounds outside the public eye and sate his need to always be doing, accomplishing, adventuring. His foray into the Dakota Badlands in his youth was the result of losing his wife and his mother on the same day. He’d gone on African safari after finishing his presidential term in 1909, and as Millard explains, it was his wont to throw himself into his next big project and just keep going:

When confronted with sadness or setbacks that were beyond his power to overcome, Roosevelt instinctively sought out still greater tests, losing himself in punishing physical hardship and danger – experiences that came to shape his personality and inform his most impressive achievements.

In 1912, he ran for the presidency again after forming the progressive Bull Moose party to challenge the aforementioned common second-rate flubdub. The split between Republicans allowed Woodrow Wilson to win the election for the Democrats, and Roosevelt, rather than wallow in defeat, took off for the Amazon and a new adventure.

After establishing this bold, indefatigable “Rough Rider” personality of the former president, known for being both a conservationist and an avid hunter, Millard has set the scene for one of the book’s major conflicts: Roosevelt fell gravely ill in the Amazon, at a time and place where being that sick was a quick death sentence.

The journey, perilous under the best of conditions, was significantly hampered by the bumbling crew assembled for the Roosevelt-Rondon Scientific Expedition. Roosevelt wanted a scientifically successful trip, not merely adventure for the sake of it. His guide, the impressive and heroic Brazilian Colonel Candido Rondon, pointed him towards the 1,000 mile long River of Doubt, a yet uncharted offshoot of the Amazon that snaked through thick, dangerous swathes of jungle. Its exceptionally rugged terrain made the usual and not insignificant perils of an Amazon journey (dangerous and poisonous creatures, threat from illness and native peoples, high potential for injury with limited access to treatment) even more perilous if something went wrong. Which it often did.

It was a badly prepared group that forged into the jungle. Roosevelt hired a friend to handle the details, who then hired another explorer who’d become infamous for bungling expedition preparations, who equipped them with plenty of wine and artisanal mustard but not enough hearty food. It’s a comedy of errors with deadly repercussions and all before even accounting for what awaited them in the jungle. Millard thrillingly explains some of the dangerous and deadly creatures creeping, crawling, and swimming in the Amazonian ecosystem.

The screams, crashes, clangs, and cries of the long Amazon night were all the more disturbing because they often provoked apparent terror among the unseen inhabitants of the jungle themselves. In the fathomless canyons of tree trunks and the shrouds of black vines that surrounded the men at night, the hum and chatter of thousands of nocturnal creatures would snap into instant silence in response to a strange noise, leaving the men to wait in breathless apprehension of what might come next.

The most horrifying, a fish that leaps from the water and into the urethra of someone relieving themselves, will haunt you forever. Her nature writing is extraordinary, as is the portraits not only of Roosevelt but of Rondon, an advocate for the natives (who were debating whether or not to kill the expedition members as they passed through) and clearly the unsung hero of this journey, without whose expertise and action would’ve come to even greater tragedy than it did.

There was no question that Roosevelt considered the descent of the River of Doubt to be a great cause – a cause that was, like war, worth dying for … he wrote, “If I had to die anywhere, why not die in helping to open up to the knowledge of the world a great unknown land and so aid humanity in general and the people of Brazil in particular?”

Roosevelt made it out of the rainforest, a little weaker for the rest of his life but having made history, albeit at great cost. Compelling and wonderfully crafted narrative nonfiction and natural science writing coupled with extensive historical detail make this both deeply educational and wildly entertaining.

The River of Doubt:
Theodore Roosevelt’s Darkest Journey
by Candice Millard
published 2005 by Broadway Books

Amazon / Book Depository


23 thoughts on “Roosevelt in the Rainforest

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  1. It’s interesting to learn about what happened to Roosevelt after Wilson won the election – my history classes never touched upon what he did once he left the presidency. The author’s descriptions in this seem excellent and full of vivid details. Thoughtful review!

    Liked by 1 person

    1. It was the same for me, I didn’t know what came after. Turns out he was really torn up about it and going off on wild, dangerous adventures was traditionally his method for coping with emotional upheaval! He is such a personality. The book is excellent, she had a lot of sources to draw from and it made for such a rich and detailed history,


  2. Awesome review! Just as I was adding president biographies to my TBR — how did you nail the timing?! Theodore Roosevelt seems like one of the most interesting presidents… Can’t wait to get my hands on this one 🤗

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Ahh too funny, good timing! Presidential biographies are a bit of a blank spot for me, I haven’t read as much there as I’d like to so you’ll have to let me know when you come across some good ones!

      This author has another book, Destiny of the Republic, about President Garfield’s assassination that a friend recommended really highly so I might try that one soon. But she also has a young Winston Churchill one that sounds good too…

      This one was really so delightful, such an interesting side of Roosevelt who’s already a fascinating character. And the expedition itself is a great story. There’s not much not to like here!

      Liked by 1 person

  3. I had no idea Roosevelt had had all these adventures! There are several of today’s politicians I feel would benefit from a long, long wilderness adventure. 😉 The book sounds great – another one to add to my groaning wishlist.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. HA I’m sure I would second your nominees for such a trip! 😂 this one’s definitely worth the read, it’s such an interesting story and bit of history, I also had no idea about his adventures or even that he came close to dying there! Worth the place on your wishlist 😉

      Liked by 1 person

  4. Great subject for a book. Roosevelt was fascinating — a jingoist and a champion of American exceptionalism, a man of his time. But he also cut big corporations down to size, pushed through the Pure Food & Drug Act and established national parks. He was an environmentalist before the word was invented. He was a true progressive, and he was a Republican! Can you imagine what he would think of the current Republican occupant of the White House?

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Absolutely, he’s such a fascinating and often perplexing subject! And it’s hard to even reconcile him with the Republican party of today…I only wish we could get his take on the current occupant! He wasn’t one to ever mince words and I’m sure he’d have some choice ones. Not even a fair match between the two, really…

      I would love to read more about Roosevelt, this book made me realize how much of his life and work I hadn’t been aware of at all. You’ll have to let me know if you can recommend anything!


  5. Teddy Roosevelt was definitely a fascinating man. I’m reading an historical fiction series with a group and he’s featured prominently in most of the books thus far. It’s set near the turn of the 19th century New York City when he was police commissioner (didn’t know that until these Gaslight Mystery books).

    Did the expedition yield any long term benefits as he’d hoped? Excellent post!

    Liked by 1 person

    1. He really was fascinating, wasn’t he? I didn’t realize the half of it.

      The trip did yield some important long term benefits, in addition to mapping that part of the river they were able to collect some animal and insect specimens of animals and document plants. I think it wasn’t as successful as he’d hoped because of all the setbacks they encountered, but still achieved a lot nevertheless.

      I only recently found that out, that he’d been the NYC police commissioner, because of The Alienist miniseries. It’s based on a book (I wonder if part of the series you’re reading?) I had to google it after watching that, I couldn’t believe it, especially because I watched around the time of reading this book and thought “no way he did that too…” I’d love to read more about him.

      Liked by 1 person

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