Mark Bowden on Turning Over a Cold Case’s “Last Stone”

Book review: The Last Stone, by Mark Bowden (Amazon / Book Depository)

Mark Bowden is a gem in narrative journalism. I’ve so often been sucked into reading a longread, that kind of lose-track-of-time story, and see it’s his after finally checking the byline. He’s a wonderfully compelling storyteller and a thorough, detail-oriented journalist.

In The Last Stone, he revisits the recently solved disappearance of the Lyon sisters – Katherine and Sheila, two young girls gone missing from a shopping mall in a DC suburb of Maryland in 1975. It’s one of those nightmarish, warn-your-children cases that haunted the town of Wheaton, becoming infamous in the area. It’s also a case that he followed and reported on early in his career. It haunted Bowden too as it remained unsolved over the intervening decades.

As a green, twenty-three-year-old reporter, I tried to see the Lyon case as a story, my first chance to write front-page news. The people I wrote about were subjects, and tragedy a thing that happened to others. But the Lyons were people I liked, even admired. I could not witness their pain dispassionately.

The case was such a scary one because it’s much rarer that missing children are taken by strangers. It tends to be someone related or somehow close to the child. But after clearing that possibility in this case, no other option remained, stoking fear and uncertainty in the wake of the girls’ mysterious disappearance.

Of the thousands of missing children cases reported each year, those involving children taken by a stranger number only one-hundredth of one percent – on average about one hundred cases a year in the United States, a number that has changed little for as long as such statistics have been kept.

38 years later, in 2013, a team of cold case detectives looking at the evidence decided to re-interview a man named Lloyd Welch, then in prison, thinking that he could provide information about the suspect they were then focusing on. Welch had come forward shortly after the Lyons’ disappearance with a story about how he’d witnessed another man abducting the children. He was questioned at the time and eventually let go.

But as the detectives listened to his story in 2013, it became clear there was more substance to it than the original detectives had believed. In fact, it was clear Welch had done what so many offenders do – found a way to insert himself into the investigation. They abandoned their original theory and honed in on subtly trying to learn more from him without scaring him into shutting up entirely. They continued questioning him using deceptive tactics to get at his ever-changing story from different angles, always in the hopes of extracting some new bit of information. It’s made even harder by the fluid nature of his storytelling, where one fact might be hidden in an otherwise fictional story.

Maddening as Lloyd was – he was like a fairy-tale goblin guarding a treasure, speaking in riddles – they needed to keep him engaged.

What eventually emerges are the outlines of a narrative revealing the fate of the Lyons sisters. Welch’s story leads them to the clan of his extended family in rural Virginia, a gothically surreal bunch that unfortunately fulfill some ugly Appalachian stereotypes, namely the incest one. It’s an eerie, unsettling glimpse into a part of the country that gets a bad rap that’s reinforced here, though it’s hard to feel sympathy for this troubling family who have kept a lot of dark secrets within their insular community.

They also provide great opportunity for Bowden’s writing to shine through in what’s primarily a dialogue-based narrative. His description of Edna, Lloyd’s stepmother, for example: “A deceptively simple, mean country woman in her eighties, sharp as the cut rim of a tin can and prone to didactic and random biblical quotation.”

The detectives are as duplicitous as Lloyd himself. It’s a bit uncomfortable reading sometimes, having read a lot about false confessions that were coerced, and it’s easy to see where such tactics could go tragically wrong when applied to a different mind.

Still, this is the flip side of this type of interrogation, where deceptive tactics actually produced the desired psychological effect on a guilty person and resolved a painful cold case, giving the family at least some peace of mind that the guilty person has finally been held to account.

What’s most interesting is seeing an investigation up close, with large amounts of dialogue extracted directly from interrogations, and Bowden providing explanatory commentary alongside it. He was allowed access to interview recordings, and detectives explain their methodology and reasoning as the investigation processes, making this a uniquely in-depth look at interrogative procedures and cold case work, including every setback and solution as they occur.

Soon after I started working on this book, when Dave told me how liars lie about the big things but flesh out their fiction with the truth, I wasn’t sure exactly what he meant. This story illustrates his point. To discern the truth, an investigator (or writer) must interpret testimony.

But it feels unsatisfying and somewhat frustrating. It’s still not entirely clear what exactly happened, and how (I don’t mean the gory details, of which there are more than enough suggested already, but something that could be more helpful, like how Welch managed to convince two children to leave the mall with him and control them both, an oddity he never sufficiently explains), and who exactly was involved. Some of his relatives knew something, and some helped him dispose of significant items, but things remain hazy.

The truth is in there somewhere, but the resolution is sad and awful. It’s page-turning because of Bowden’s masterful storytelling. Even when he steps back and lets dialogue carry the book, his skilled hand in the construction is evident and it’s impossible not to be fascinated and invested in how it plays out. An appealing and compelling look at a mystery as it unravels and how detective work operates from the inside. 3.75/5

The Last Stone
by Mark Bowden
published April 2, 2019 by Grove Atlantic

I received an advance copy courtesy of the publisher for unbiased review.

Amazon / Book Depository


28 thoughts on “Mark Bowden on Turning Over a Cold Case’s “Last Stone”

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  1. What a very interesting review matey. I worked in law as a paralegal for some time and have to admit that stories like these make me both interested and wary. The truth is so hard to get to and abuse of the power of the police force certainly occurs. But I am glad to hear that the cold case has some answers for the family’s sake.
    x The Captain

    Liked by 1 person

    1. I had the same reaction. If the end result is that a guilty person is caught, it’s great, but when an innocent person ends up influenced in the wrong way, it’s tragic. That topic wasn’t really dealt with here despite the detectives acknowledging that they’re also lying and being deceitful. This guy was clearly guilty, so it’s hard to feel bad in his specific case, but the thought of these techniques elsewhere made me uncomfortable.

      Liked by 1 person

      1. If the statistic is 1 in every 25 is innocent then surely ending the death penalty makes sense. I know that it is hard to think that a guilty man or woman might not be punished for the crime but our justice system is broken. I have been meaning to read Just Mercy, The Fact of a Body, and The Sun Does Shine for a while now. This review solidifies that I need to.
        x The Captain

        Liked by 1 person

      2. Exactly. That rate is just acceptable. I just recently read The Sun Does Shine (I’ll get around to reviewing it eventually!) and his ordeal is terrifying to contemplate. He came so close to dying and he had a pretty much ironclad alibi at the time of the murder he was convicted of. Wtf is wrong with our system when that can happen? His story had a happy ending but so many don’t.

        I’ve read the first two books you mentioned and both are phenomenal. Just Mercy especially, his experiences underscore the death penalty issues so strongly. Definitely don’t wait to read that one!

        Liked by 1 person

    1. That’s a great way to put it – I just couldn’t come to grips with it. I know it’s real life and doesn’t always wrap up neatly and completely, but I think that must have been unsatisfying even for their family, to have a partial answer. And after all their work, to really only get that out of him. It’s tough!

      Liked by 1 person

    1. That’s why I wished he had revealed how he actually managed that, because they weren’t adventurous types. He alleges he offered them drugs but they were very young and not experimental in that way so it doesn’t exactly ring true. Knowing the methods he used would be helpful for awareness in stopping that happening elsewhere, I wish he had at least told that part!

      Liked by 1 person

    1. It’s still unbelievably page-turning! Even if I was a little disappointed by the end it was quite a read. I love this author’s journalistic style. Definitely give it a shot, it’s well worth the read!

      Liked by 1 person

  2. I can see how in the hands of a good writer this would be page-turning and compelling, but the subject matter is just too much for me to immerse myself in. I really enjoyed your review, though – very nuanced as always!


  3. Excellent review. I’m always happy when a cold case finally solved, although this 1975 case has left some things unresolved. Families who keep such terrible secrets are just as accountable as the perpetrator if not more so.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. I know, his family was awful and I couldn’t believe so many of them were fine with knowing something about it for so long and never speaking up. But they had so many messed up things going on too. I’m happy it had a resolution for their family though, and I love when a cold case is solved too, was really interesting to see the process here.

      Liked by 1 person

  4. Wow, the quote you share of the description of Loyd’s stepmother is really great. Between the writing style and the detailed look at the interrogation with lots of direct quotes, this is definitely going on my to-read list.


  5. Hello there! Just read The Last Stone so of course had to drop in here to discuss. First, another wonderfully written review. Am in admiration of your insightful reviews, always so well put together and polished. I am loving the quotes more and more. When I am a grown up* I too shall write reviews like yours. *never gonna happen.

    Next, I found what happened to the Lyon sisters so deeply upsetting, literally the stuff of nightmares. I am not sure I believe in heaven but I hope they are in some good place in the after life now to make up for their suffering,

    To comfort myself, I clung to the patience, tenacity and strong stomachs of the interviewing team, their basic human goodness with all its flaws.

    As for the lying by the interviewers, part of me does not care because they were dealing with a lying manipulative piece of trash. They needed to give him enough rope. And they succeeded in keeping him off the streets forever. But the lying does trouble me, I don’t know if police can do that here, I would like to know what the rules are – I have a good friend who is a criminal lawyer so I shall drive her nuts by asking her..

    I think Bowden’s writing was great and am look forward to reading him on a less traumatic subject.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Oh you’re too kind, thanks so much for that wonderful compliment! My reviews within the last year have really suffered, my time and attention’s been so split a million different ways. It’s nice to be reminded of a time when I could write them like this!

      This was such a disturbing case. It was fascinating to see how the interviewers worked, but I guess I’ve just seen so much about false or coerced confessions that it made me uneasy. He was a guilty garbage person but it showed how easily these kind of tactics could go awry when used on an innocent person.

      I’m curious what the rules are in the UK too! It seems to be a bit of a blurry line in the US…

      Liked by 1 person

      1. Hi there, discussed the issue of police lying to suspect during dog walk with my lawyer friend, so her legal input punctuated by shouts of “ Monty don’t eat that dead thing!” and “No Archie don’t hump him!” She was clear that under English criminal law, police not allowed to deceive the suspect e.g. by saying they had found the victim’s DNA in the basement, when they had not. Not to say that this does not happen though in practice. She thinks the reason they got away with it in the Lyons case is that the suspect pleaded guilty so there was no court case, so no defence lawyer to argue that confession unlawfully obtained, fruits of the poison tree etc. Otherwise since all the interviews were recorded, a defence lawyer would have been all over it. My friend tells me that as soon as someone is arrested they start recording, either audio or video so limited opportunity now for outrageous game playing by police. But of course they still play off multiple suspects against each other – along the lines of well, she has told us that you did it etc etc so you had better come clean even if that is not the case….and there have been cases where multiple suspects have confessed to being involved in a murder after days of nonstop questioning, only for the case to collapse in court and for it to be found that none of them were responsible, it was someone else entirely. Scary stuff.

        Liked by 1 person

      2. Oh that’s a good point, that there wasn’t actually a trial involved. I would imagine any defense lawyer worth their salt would indeed be all over that. There have been similar cases in the US of confessions that collapsed when the interrogation techniques came to light, and did you watch the Netflix documentary about the one in Iceland? There was a book about it too:

        It’s just such a dangerous area, especially as people generally seem to believe a confession MUST indicate guilt because who would be crazy enough to confess to something they didn’t do, when actually it’s much more nuanced than that. Fascinating to hear her legal perspective on it!

        Liked by 1 person

  6. Did not know about Iceland case and documentary thanks for link! Yes I find it hard to believe a person would confess to something they had not done but if you have been verbally hammered for days with little sleep etc and you are given to believe one of your friends did it and if you confess first you will be ok, then….I can’t cope without enough sleep so…better stay on the right of the law.


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