The Second Installment of Eugenia Ginzburg’s “Whirlwind” #WITMonth

Book review: Within the Whirlwind, by Eugenia Ginzburg (Amazon / Book Depository)

The most fearful thing is that evil becomes ordinary, part of a normal daily routine extending over decades.

It’s hard to believe, considering the popularity over time and general excellence of Eugenia Ginzburg’s first memoir, Journey into the Whirlwind, that her second one is less widely read and somewhat difficult to come by.

It’s also surprising because I can’t imagine reading that first book and not wanting to know how her life story continued. This second volume, which picks up where the previous one left off as the onetime literature professor and wife of the mayor of Kazan arrives in the gold-mining region of Kolyma, to the Siberian Gulag system, feels like a seamless transition from the first book. And it’s really an incredible life story, both because it’s not exactly uncommon — around 18 million people were sentenced to the Gulags — but it’s extraordinary, as she survived to reach the end of her 18-year sentence and live decades in a kind of freedom.

It’s also extraordinary because of the level of detail. She explains how she was able to recollect so much about her experience, both the events in prison in Kazan covered in the first book and here, in Siberia. She explains that it’s how she survived the time — thinking about how she would tell this story, and holding onto the details in her head. When she put it all on paper after her release, she says simply, “I wrote because I had to.”

The most incredible moment, to me, was when after a decade, her release day finally arrived. There’s no last-minute sentence extension or misplacing of paperwork. It goes smoothly, to her surprise. More hardships are to come, that’s certain, but she’s free. She describes each moment of the release process and the reader, having come this far on the journey with her, is similarly elated. Especially having witnessed, in her measured, frank way, how hard it was, and what kind of impossible choices she faced in a place where hope was hard to come by. “If I should so want, I could dispose of my own life, just like that. And, if I should so want, I could wait a bit and see what the future would bring.”

But release from the Gulag system after doing the time didn’t mean she could hop on a train and return to her home city of Kazan, where she’d been an active, enthusiastic Communist before her arrest for alleged counterrevolutionary activity. She couldn’t even hope to reinvent and blend into one of the bigger cities like Moscow or St. Petersburg (then Leningrad). Ex-prisoners had to stay within a specified zone nearby, a sort of secondary exile from the more desirable parts of society.

For Ginzburg, it was even more complicated because she fell in love with the camp doctor, Anton Walter, an ethnic German from the Crimea region, who she’d worked with as a nurse during her sentence. He remained a prisoner, and his sentence had years left when hers ended. She moved nearby and waited for him, and they were rewarded with a few years living together in freedom. It’s such a hard story, with precious few bright moments, but they were so bright for her when they occurred and she expresses what that meant to her beautifully.

And she had spent 18 years — from age 32 to 50 — in the Gulag system. There was no shaking that off. Yet she knew how lucky she was. Surviving wasn’t exactly a common fate. And what was especially interesting, and different from the first volume of her memoirs, is that she is both candid and somewhat pessimistic here. At the conclusion of Journey into the Whirlwind, published in 1967, ten years before this book, she was still singing the praises of Communism, hopeful that it would be redeemed. No such illusion remained when she wrote this; she even goes so far as calling Stalin “the Georgian serpent.”

Ginzburg has such a big sense of humor — often a skeptical one, as author Heinrich Böll points out in the introduction, but it colors her telling of any anecdote, and often makes her story unexpectedly delightful or uplifting. It’s not always easy reading, but impressive to see her make the life that she can despite the difficulties and limitations of a system designed to break her completely — mentally, emotionally, physically. She was the one who beat it instead. After her release, she adopts a child, eventually finds work, and lives with the love she found and, miraculously, considering the circumstances, was able to keep.

And she’s reunited with one of her sons, where she faces the unimaginable task of trying to explain what happened in all that time. She says that he became the first listener of the chapters that became her first memoir.

It’s unclear to me why Journey into the Whirlwind is considered a classic amongst Gulag accounts, and Soviet memoirs in general, and never goes out of print while Within the Whirlwind is out of print and a bit tricky to find. I’m a used-book obsessive and there aren’t even many affordable secondhand options on Amazon, but it’s worth waiting for one to surface or tracking down. My copy came from someone in Tarrytown who obviously had really loved it, as they’d marked it up extensively and I loved seeing the bits and lines that spoke to them. It felt like sharing something special.

A remarkable, sometimes near-poetic account of an extraordinary life that deserves to be more widely read and known.

Within the Whirlwind
by Eugenia Ginzburg
translated from Russian by Ian Boland
published 1977

Amazon / Book Depository

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11 thoughts on “The Second Installment of Eugenia Ginzburg’s “Whirlwind” #WITMonth

  1. It sounds like an amazing, yet depressing, journey. And that is odd that one book is in print and the conclusion of the story isn’t.

    As far as Stalin, he was a ruthless and shrewd man who became increasingly paranoid. No one was safe around him, even those who were close to him.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. So true! Stalin even treated his own family terribly. Have you read one of the bios of him? Simon Sebag Montefiore wrote a two-part one that’s incredible. It’s not light and easy reading material but the stories around him are even stranger and more awful than what’s generally known, I think.

      Liked by 1 person

      1. I have not read any bios dedicated to him; it’s just info I’ve picked up through other history books and documentaries. But from what I do know, he was a terrible human being. As evil as Hitler was — and he signed off on the Final Solution, so I don’t think we need to question his evilness — his generals would get into loud arguments with him over military strategy. He might remove them from command, but he didn’t execute them or banish them at the drop of a hat for disagreeing with him. From what I’ve read, no one got into shouting matches with Stalin or would tell him his strategy wouldn’t work. Well, I guess they might –once.

        I will definitely have to add your recommendation to the list.

        Liked by 1 person

      2. Yes, exactly! His evilness isn’t quite as infamous as Hitler’s and yet he was so heinous, and there was kind of a deviousness to it all. Young Stalin is the first part and it was great, covering his family, early years and making his way to
        Russia. Court of the Red Tsar is the latter part and it was denser with a lot more politics but still quite good. The dynamic with his family was endlessly fascinating to me.

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  2. Zora Neale Hurston, who is not beloved and obsessively researched, was completely out of print — all of her books — for years because people found her her ideas too dangerous when she wrote things like being against integration because she didn’t think black children should have to sit next to write children to prove they are smart, too. Now, Hurston’s book are everywhere, and people are still writing about her. I wonder if this author will become more famous when the time is right. For Hurston, it took Alice Walker discovering Hrston’s writing and becoming obsessed.

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    1. That’s a good point. The weird thing is that Ginzburg is actually already beloved — her memoir volume preceding this one is one of the best known among Gulag literature after Solzhenitsyn, high up there among Soviet memoirs in general. I just find it odd that you can get that book anywhere and it’s widely read but this second part, which is just as polished, beautifully told, and well translated as the first is long out of print and even secondhand copies aren’t easy to find.

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      1. I wonder if someday someone will publish them together. Also, I noticed the other day while shelving books at the library where I work that there are three GIANT volumes of Mark Twain’s autobiography. I’m really hoping he includes pictures or something, because they are ENORMOUS. If he gets that much space, we can add some more women on the shelf.

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      2. I think they haven’t been published together because they’d also be massive! Supposedly they were published together for a time in the 70s but then were split up again, I’m assuming because ~900 page memoirs can be intimidating. But seriously, if Mark Twain gets that much space with potentially no pics some women definitely deserve the same space!

        Liked by 1 person

  3. This is why I am such a fan of your blog: would never otherwise have heard of Eugenia Ginzburg or, if I had, would have not been interested; now I want to read her. Did you see the film of Child 44? Set in similar period of Soviet history I think. And it has Tom Hardy in it, always a bonus.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Oh that makes me so happy to hear! I absolutely loved her books, but definitely start with Journey into the Whirlwind first. She was an incredibly impressive lady.

      I haven’t seen the movie of Child 44 and maybe I didn’t even realize they made one! I read the book years ago, I guess around when it came out, and I remember really liking it. I’m going to check out the movie, thanks for the tip!!

      Liked by 1 person

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